What Kind of Care to Expect when Attending a Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation Facility.

Addiction, formally known as substance abuse disorder is a serious disease. Not only can it tear a family apart and lead to financial ruin, it can also lead to the premature death of the addicted user. Therefore, it is vital for person suffering from this disease to find help immediately. Without help, it is nearly impossible for a person with an addiction to recover and return to a happy, healthy life.

The Support of a Rehab Center

In all cases, the addiction and other difficulties the patient faces are kept confidential. The individual receives the support and care necessary for them to achieve a prosperous life in recovery. Their treatment will also include five primary components: a medical evaluation, a psychological evaluation, therapy, detox, and extended care.

The Medical Evaluation

The medical evaluation is meant to help the staff identify any physical problems the person with an addiction may have. Often, these physical problems can be caused by our addiction. Problems with the liver, for example, may have developed as a result of heavy alcohol use. After medical problems have been identified, the staff of the rehab center can work toward making the patient physically healthy once more.

Improving the patient's physical health is an important component of addiction recovery. This is because it takes a holistic approach to get an addict back on the road of recovery. This includes taking care of the patient's physical, mental, and emotional health. Without this three-pronged approach, the patient is more likely to fail in the process of addiction recovery.

The Psychological Evaluation

The psychological evaluation also provides the staff of the rehab center with volumes of important information about the patient. The psychological evaluation helps the team better understand the patient. In addition, the team of specialists can determine whether the person suffering from alcohol addiction is also struggling from certain psychological problems. For example, it is common for a person suffering from alcohol addiction to also suffer from depression. If this is the case, the program developed to assist the patient will also include a plan to address this issue.


Generally, a rehab center will provide both group and individual therapy to its patients. The group therapy is designed to give the person support from others who are experiencing the same difficulties. Being able to share in the struggles with those who can truly understand often makes the process easier for a patient to deal with.

Nonetheless, individual counseling is also critical to addiction recovery. Having the opportunity to work one-on-one with a counselor helps the patient work through his or her own individual conflicts. Through individual therapy, the patient can come to terms with his or her addiction and work through ways to resolve it by setting individual goals.


In addition the medical and physical evaluations, patients of rehabilitation centers generally undergo a 24-hour medically supervised detoxification and withdrawal period. During this period, the patient is forced to go without their drug of choice. For many patients coping with addiction, this may be the longest time they have gone without that drug in many years.

The detoxification period is difficult for the person suffering from addiction because it is accompanied by extreme withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms take their toll on the patient both physically and mentally. For this reason, the center also provides close patient monitoring and assistance during this period.

Extended Care

Extended care, which is also sometimes referred to as aftercare, is vital to the success of addiction recovery. Through an extended care program, the patient continues to receive support and assistance from the rehabilitation center after being released from the more intensive rehab program.

Extended care programs are designed to help monitor the patient's success in recovery. To do this appropriately, the program staff watch over the patient to be sure he or she is utilizing the new skills gained during their treatment. For instance, the extended care specialist may work with the patient to be sure he or she is staying away from specific crowds of people that encourage drinking and drugging. Or, the extended care specialist may check to be sure the patient is utilizing appropriate resistance skills. Without a strong extended care program, it is easy for the patient to fall back into the cycle of abuse.

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